North Asia - Russia - Popular Newspapers

Country Information

Location:  North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean
Geographic Coordinates:   60 00 N, 100 00 E
Area:   17,098,242 sq km (land: 16,377,742 sq km water: 720,500 sq km)
Climate:  Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Languages:  Russian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3%
Population:  142,470,272 (July 2014 est.)
Capital:  Moscow
Religion:  Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups:  Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% (2010 est.)
Independence:  24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 1157 (Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal created); 16 January 1547 (Tsardom of Muscovy established); 22 October 1721 (Russian Empire proclaimed); 30 December 1922 (Soviet Union established)

Source:  CIA Factbook