Middle East - Iran - Nationwide Newspapers

Country Information

Location:  Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Geographic Coordinates:   32 00 N, 53 00 E
Area:   1,648,195 sq km (land: 1,531,595 sq km water: 116,600 sq km)
Climate:  Mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Languages:  Persian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%
Population:  80,840,713 (July 2014 est.)
Capital:  Tehran
Religion:  Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
Ethnic Groups:  Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
Independence:  1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed)

Source:  CIA Factbook